Free Home Health Nursing Care Plans

Home care or domiciliary care is a supportive health care that is provided in a patient's home by healthcare professionals or by family and friends. When health care professionals provide the care it is termed home health care and when the care is provided by family and friends they are termed caregivers. The term home health care can also be used to distinguish non-medical care. Here, the care is provided by persons who are not doctors or nurses or other licensed medical personnel. There have been efforts in the recent past to distinguish ‘home health care' which means skilled nursing care and ‘home care' which means non-medical care.

Home health care makes it possible for many people to remain within the comforts of one's home rather than staying long-term in a hospital or nursing home. The services that home care providers provide in the patient's own home can include a combination of both life assistance services and professional health care services. Professional health services can include medical or psychological assessment, wound care, pain management, teaching medication, disease management and education, speech therapy, occupational therapy and physical therapy.

Among the life assistance services are helping with one's daily tasks like preparing meals, medication reminders, light housekeeping, laundry, errands, transportation, shopping and companionship. Six activities of daily living like bathing, dressing, transferring, using the toilet, eating and walking reflect a patient's capacity for self-care. Six daily instrumental activities like light housework, preparing meals, taking medications, shopping for groceries and clothes, using the telephone and managing money helps a patient to live independently.

Home health care is informal in most places with families and friends providing the maximum amount of care. When the care becomes formal, nurses, physiotherapists and home care aids are the health care professionals who are involved. Sometimes, other care providers like respiratory and occupational therapists, medical social workers and mental health workers can also be needed. Long term insurance, Medicaid or the patient's own resources generally pay for these kinds of home health care.

For becoming a home health care professional a GED or High School Diploma may not be necessary. It is better to check with one's local department of health for necessary qualifications. A background check, drug testing and general references are necessary. Aide workers can gather experience by working in institutional care facilities. They can also take a state test and become Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA).

When family and friends are taking care of an elderly person at home, they need to plan a daily routine. A single nursing care routine cannot meet the needs of all elderly people. Each care plan has to suit the individual's needs. The medical needs are the most important factor that has to be kept in mind while preparing a nursing care plan. The next important thing is the physical needs. One has to find out how much of the daily activity can the elderly individual do on his or her own. The care giving plan has to incorporate these daily activities, medicine, social needs and even money matters. If it becomes difficult for the family to provide all these, the help of a reliable health care agency can be taken.