List Of Physical Therapy Abbreviations

Physical therapy is the clinical practice focused on finding ways in which patients can overcome movement problems. The patient as a result, can maximize his or her quality of life. There are a number of different individuals involved with this type of therapy, including the physicians, physical therapist, other health care professionals, the patient, and their family and friends. The professional physical therapist typically helps patients to overcome movement difficulties related to the skeletal and muscular system. There are also other specialty areas in physical therapy that call for the services of a physical therapist.

One of these areas of specialty is the cardiopulmonary field. Physical therapists who solely work in this area will help patients who have undergone either pulmonary or cardiac surgeries. The physical therapist work personally with the patient and the physician help the patient to increase their functional independence, and to increase their heart and lung endurance after the surgical procedure.

The physical therapist need to have high communication skills as well as a service mentality in order to communicate with their patients and their families. Physical therapy jobs are involved in identifying and improving the quality of life and movement within the spheres of treatment, prevention, promotion and rehabilitation. By studying the patient medical history and bodily examination reports, the physical therapists establish a treatment procedure for the patients. To become a physical therapist people need to have special skill, education and thorough knowledge in the field. There are a number of abbreviations are generally used which are most specific to the field of physical therapy. Often these terms or abbreviations can be very much confusing to other health care professionals and students starting their training in physical therapy. Physical therapists generally use these physical therapeutic or medical abbreviations in their note or prescription writing. To the beginners or non-trained physical therapists, these abbreviations can often be perplexing. There is a list has been published for the help of these non medical people to make out the abbreviations easily. Following the list of commonly used therapy abbreviations people can understand their therapist's note by themselves!


a- before

AAROM- active assistive range of motion

Abd- abduction

ACJ- acromioclavicular joint

ACL- anterior cruciate ligament

Add- adduction

ADL- activities of daily living

AFO- ankle foot orthosis

AKA- above knee amputation

Amb- ambulation

AROM- active range of motion


B- bilateral

BID- twice a day

BKA- below knee amputation


C- with

CGA- contact guard assist

CKC- closed kinetic chain

CP- cold pack

CPM- continuous passive motion

CTx- cervical traction


DJD- degenerative disc disease

DF- dorsiflexion


E Stim- electrical stimulation

ER- external rotation

Ex- exercise

Ev- eversion


Flex- flexion

FIM score- functional independence level

FWB- full weight bearing

Fx- fracture


GHJ- glenohumeral joint


HEP- home exercise program

H/o- history of

HOB- head of bed

HP- hot packs

HVGS- high voltage galvantic stimulation

Hx- history


I- independent

Inv- inversion

IR- internal rotation

ITB- iliotibial band


KAFO- knee ankle foot orthosis


LAQ- long arc quad

LBQC- large base quad cane

LCL- lateral collateral ligament

LE- lower extremity

LTG- long term goals


MCL- medial collateral ligament

MFR- myofascial release

Mm- muscle

MMT- manual muscle test

Mobs- mobilization


NWB- non weight bearing

NDT- neuro developmental technique


OKC- open kinetic chain


PCL- posterior cruciate ligament

PF- plantar flexion

PFS- patellofemoral syndrome

PNF- proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

PMHx- past medical history

Pro- pronation

PROM- passive range of motion

PT- physical therapist

PTA- physical therapy assistant

PWB- partial weight bearing


Q- every

QC- quad cane

QD- every day

QID- four times a day


RICE- rest,ice,compression,elevation ROM- range of motion

Rot- rotation

Rx- treatment


SAC- short arc quad

SB- side bending

SBA- stand by assist

SBQC- small base quad cane

SC- straight cane

SLR- straight leg raise

STM- soft tissue mobilization

Sup- supination


TENS- transcutaneous electrical stimulation

THA- total hip arthroplasty

Ther Ex- therapeutic exercise

TID- three times a day

TKA- total knee arthroplasty

TLSO- thoracic lumbar sacral orthosis

TTWB- toe touch weight bearing


UE- upper extremity

US- ultra sound


W/c- wheel chair

WFL- within functional limit

WNL- within normal limits