Congestive Heart Disease Symptoms Diagnosis

Congestive heart disease or even heart failure is a dramatic and potentially lethal occurrence. When there is no longer sufficient amount of oxygen being transported in the blood stream, the heart cannot maintain its function. Most of the people who have a first congestive heart attack do not know that they have actually heart failure until the heart attack happens. Five million adult people in America have heart failure.

Various new cases of congestive heart disease are identified every year. Congestive heart failure is actually a causative factor of the deaths of 300,000 or more individuals each year. The reasons behind congestive heart failure are not properly known yet. In treating a congestive heart failure, the priority is to restore function and keep the patient alive. After the condition of the patient is stable, testing may begin to determine the exact nature of the heart problem. Coronary blood vessel disease may be underway with plaque blocking the arteries for years before it is detected. The congestive heart attack may be due to a structural problem such as aortic or mitral valve prolapses. The mitral valve of the heart that opens and closes between heart chambers can suddenly stick, like a door sticks, open or shut. Blood may come back into the system causing still more circulatory problems. Patients with usually high blood pressure are at risk for congestive heart disease and must make every effort to keep blood pressure under control.

A lesser known reason of congestive heart attack is Cardiomyopathy. This type of heart ailment is due to an infection that enters the muscle of the heart. The inflammation in the heart muscle tissues can be attributed to viral infection. There is no particular virus type or method which causes cardiomyopathy and there is no known cure. Once the heart muscle gets weakened from the infection, the weakened heart no longer can work adequately and the result is congestive heart failure. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute say, by age 40, one in five men and women are at risk for congestive heart failure. Among patients who are known to have congestive heart failure, 80% of men and 70% of women under age 65 die within eight years of their diagnosis with congestive heart disease. Not only does congestive heart disease badly affect the heart, but it also adversely affects the ability of the kidneys to process sodium and water.

The EKG test report was shown to be an effective means of identifying potential congestive heart failure victims among 38,000 post menopausal women in a study reported in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. This recent information can help doctors to make early diagnosis of heart disease and begin treatment before congestive heart failure occurs. An essential part of recovery from congestive heart failure is cardiac rehabilitation plan. This plan is multi-faceted with health and fitness evaluation, nutritional plan, customized exercises, medication management and behavioral counseling. Exceptional cardiac rehabilitation plans also offer professional counseling to help patients return to work or find other jobs if necessary as well as support groups for cardiac patients. After congestive heart failure, the success of cardiac rehabilitation depends primarily on how much the patient participates in the programs and makes lifestyle changes.