Depression After Childbirth Is Called Postpartum Depression

The term postpartum depression or PPD occurs after childbirth and is also called postnatal depression. This is a form of clinical depression, which pregnant women get affected from and men are rarely affected from the same. There have been various studies conducted in this reference and the rates of prevalence among women range from 5% to 25%, however the methodological differences in these studies can make the actual prevalence rate unclear.

It has been seen that PPD is also followed by PPE, which is postpartum exhaustion and this can also occur prior to PPD. Basically the PPE is caused by sleep deprivation and this is accompanied with hormonal changes in the women's body shortly after giving birth. The changes suffered in the woman's body during these periods may be mild or severe and in most of the cases women who have babies, with severe colic or other underlying causes, have to go through abnormal sleeping schedules.

Even though the symptoms of this disorder is not the same as postpartum depression, it leads to adverse effects on the health and eventually causes PPD. Hence PPE can be defined as a postpartum depression even though extreme levels of depression are only caused from fatigue. Medical treatment is minimal in such cases and most mothers are asked to rest and sleep more. These symptoms can last between 1 and 20 days. As the mothers start getting adequate sleep the symptoms of these problems go away.

PPD can occur anytime in the first year postpartum and the symptoms associated with the same are not restricted but may include hopelessness, sadness, low self esteem, guilt, sleeping disorders and eating problems, not getting comfort, exhaustion, feeling of emptiness, anhedonia, social withdrawal, fatigue or almost no energy levels, inadequate caring for the baby due to exertion, anger and lack of sex drive or increased sex drive and increased sex drive.

There are various methods of detecting Postnatal Depression or PND and these include the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale where the problem is detected if the new mother scores more than 13. The pregnant, nursing and postpartum women are suggested to get medical advice of their obstetrician or primary care physician to deal with the early symptoms of this ailment because the problem just gets worse as the disease progresses. There is some nutritional information related to this disease, which may be beneficial in achieving a well-balanced diet.

The nutritional requirements here include Omega-3 fatty acids as many researchers believe that postpartum depression can be caused due to depletion of omega 3 fatty acids. The lack of this acid in the mother's brain means less support development of the brain of the fetus and problems with breast feeding the infant. These problems can be prevented by ensuring that sufficient omega 3 fatty acids are provided in the mother's diet.

Apart from this proteins and hydration are some of the most important roles in any diet. Such women should also have more of vitamins and they should also take supplements, if required, after consulting the doctor. These are some factors that can reduce the symptoms of PPD.