Pulsatile Tinnitus Explained

Pulsatile tinnitus is a sort of hearing problem where a rhythmical noise is head that beats in time with the pulse. People may hear a single or multiple rhythmic beats as a low pitched thumping or booming sound, or as a higher pitched clicking noise. While Pulsatile tinnitus is not a common form of tinnitus, it has some well-known causes including heart murmur, hypertension, glomus or globe-shaped tumor, Eustachian tube disorder, or an abnormality of the blood vessels. Most of the time this hearing problem can be treated effectively.

Pulsatile tinnitus is caused by a change of blood flow in the large arteries and veins in the base of the skull, neck, or the smaller blood vessels inside the ear. The increased blood flow throughout the bodies which occur during strenuous exercise can also be caused by severe anemia. A confined and increased blood flow can occur when a blood vessel becomes narrow than it should be. This problem results in the need for adjacent blood vessels to promote the excess amount of blood flow. The additional blood flow generates noise and can result in Pulsatile tinnitus. Turbulent blood flow occurs when the inside of a blood vessel becomes constricted which generally occurs during the older age for hardening of the artery walls and the blood flow becomes erratic rather than smooth.

When Pulsatile tinnitus is suspected, some clinical tests may be required to study the condition of the blood vessels and check the pressure inside the head. Patients with the hearing disorder, the Pulsatile tinnitus, generally undergo some form of medical imaging such as CT scanning, Ultrasound, Magnetic resonance scanning (MRI), Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), or Angiography. In the disorder, the Pulsatile tinnitus, a several characteristic sounds can be heard including a lower pitched booming or thumping, as well as a rougher blowing sound which is coincidental with respiration, or as a clicking, higher pitched rhythmic sensation. Also in Pulsatile tinnitus, there a single or rhythmic beats, or multiple biphasic beats like the clip-clop of the horse, or a swooshing, swishing sound can be heard. A rapid clicking sensation may occur in this disorder due to the contractions of the palatal and middle ear muscles. Low humming Pulsatile tinnitus that is inaudible to the examiner may be due to venous blood flow or associated with Meniere's disease when accompanied by vertigo and fluctuating hearing loss.

Objective tinnitus that is closely associated with the rhythm of the heart beat is usually termed as the Pulsatile tinnitus and this Pulsatile tinnitus is caused most often from a blood vessel malformation, that is disorder of the arteries or veins in the head and neck area which can often be corrected with surgery. There are treatments for pulsatile tinnitus so people should not go without trying to get help. If people suffer from this condition of hearing, they should seek help from a qualified professional to see what can be done to ease their discomforts. Treatment for Pulsatile tinnitus depends on its specific cause which generally involves a multi-disciplinary approach and includes a variety of symptom management methods. These cases require special imaging techniques and often require medical surgery to resolve.